An Overview of Common Eye Conditions: From Myopia to Glaucoma

  • By:Dr. Katie Dugan

Many different eye diseases and vision problems can affect a person’s ability to see clearly. Some of these eye conditions are treatable, especially when they are diagnosed in the early stages. But other conditions have no cure.

It’s good to be aware of the most common eye conditions so you can notice the symptoms if changes are affecting your eyes. Additionally, regular vision checkups are essential because an eye doctor can help you spot potential issues in the earliest phases.

The Most Common Eye Conditions

Here is an overview of the most common eye conditions that your eye doctor is looking for during your exam:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy:Blood sugar fluctuations can affect the eyes, eventually causing vision loss if it is left untreated. Diabetes results in damage to blood vessels throughout the body, including vessels in the retina. Often, patients don’t notice symptoms of diabetic retinopathy until it is too late, which is why eye care professionals recommend more frequent checkups for patients with diabetes. Potential symptoms include blurred vision, night vision problems, difficulty reading, development of color blindness, and streaks or spots in your vision. Not only can eye treatments help to slow the progress, but patients must also address blood sugar balancing.
  • Macular Degeneration:This eye disease impacts the central vision and causes damage to the macula. It’s one of the most common causes of vision loss for people over the age of 60. Symptoms include blurred vision, spots in your field of vision, or straight lines that appear curved or wavy. Unfortunately, there is no cure for macular degeneration. However, treatment can slow the progress of this eye disease.
  • Cataracts:When the lens of the eye becomes clouded, it affects vision. Cataracts are the top cause of blindness in the world. The good news is that cataract-related vision loss is reversible, because surgery can be done to replace the clouded lens with a new lens. Cataract symptoms include clouded vision, light glare, difficulty seeing at night, bright light sensitivity, and frequent prescription changes.
  • Glaucoma:When the fluid pressure is higher than normal in the eye, then the pressure can cause damage to the optic nerve. If glaucoma is undetected or untreated, then it can eventually lead to blindness. Symptoms include eye pressure, headaches, redness in the eyes, halos around lights, tunnel vision, blind spots, and low vision. Glaucoma treatments aim to reduce eye pressure and prevent additional damage to the optic nerve.

Regular, comprehensive eye exams are the best way to catch these conditions and other common eye diseases in the earliest stages. If it’s time to schedule an eye examination, then contact our team at Temecula Creek Optometry to book an appointment: (951) 302 -1331.

Posted in: Eye Diseases